The demining process in Bosnia and Herzegovina began in 1996, just after the Mine Action Centre was created by the United Nations. The UN supplied the Bosnian authorities with all available information about mines on the Bosnian territory and provided detection and safety equipment with a value of ECU 600 000 (= 600 000 euros) for them in just two months in order to transfer responsibility over the demining process.
Time is getting on, the EU is still financing the Centre, but the only visible outcome was in 2002 when the title UNMAC (United Nations Mine Action Centre) was changed to BHMAC (Bosnia and Herzegovina Mine Action Centre). Unfortunately, today mines must be located on at least 1058 sq. km. of the Bosnian territory. One of the main tasks of the Centre is the development of detailed maps in order to accelerate the technical part of the demining process. But according to recent data, more than half of the maps, developed by the Centre, are wrong. The allegedly mined territories are completely safe in fact. Such activities don’t seem to be accidental; they are aimed to get more money from the EU.
Moreover, there is another serious problem. The demining process on the real dangerous areas is extremely slow. At this rate, it will finish until at least 30 years. So, the Mine Action Program of Bosnia and Herzegovina is at risk. The EU expected to finish this program before the end of 2025, and the planned funds in the EU budget for its realization would be enough if they were used for their intended purposes.
But BHMAC officials seem to have their own ideas how to spend the EU money. And while the demining process is so slow we could hear echoes of the 1992-1995 war.