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Do you have a question about history and have always been afraid to ask? Well, today is your lucky day. Ask away!


I mean, for example, the way that Roman, Greek and Norse mythology all have a pantheon, all have Gods which have a specific purpose or responsibility, all have a patriarch as the head et cetera. Where does this come from when there's such a massive geographical, historic, and cultural difference across these different societies?


I'm aware of the highly touted, Barrington Atlas..., ed. by Richard Talbot, and I have the following: Atlas of the Roman World, Cornell and Matthews, The Penguin Atlases of (Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Ancient History and Ancient Civilizations) but I'm looking for more.

The Barrington Atlas is a little pricey ($300), so I'm looking for alternatives. Any online sources would also be welcome. Whenever I read of the Greek or Roman military campaigns, or historical fiction from authors like Harry Sidebottom, I try to follow the route maps and terrain features. Thanks to all.


My Grandfather flew for the South African Air Force (SAAF) 12 Squadron in North Africa and Italy during World War 2.

I believe they flew under the British RAF as South Africa was part of the Commonwealth at the time.

He was a radio operator and waist gunner in Marauder B-26 medium bombers which I believe was a US made aircraft.

Each B-26 contained 2 pilots, 2 waist gunners, 1 tail gunner and a nose gunner.

My Grandfather was a radio operator until they reached a certain point in the flight and then went to his position at the waist gun. Radio silence was then maintained..

B-26 known as the widow maker, apparently due to the difficulty of taking off and landing.

Imgur link:

Apparently he had a treasure trove of pictures, notes and scrap books etc but they were stolen after the war ended.


The Okinawa campaign lasted from April 1st to June 22. It cost, at conservative estimates, 300,000 lives. Higher estimates put it around 400,000+ deaths.

Trivia: U.S. Lieutenant General Simon Buckner, commander of all U.S. ground forces on Okinawa, was killed by Japanese artillery late in the campaign. He was the highest ranking U.S. military officer killed in combat in WW2.


I just happened to be drinking coffee out of a coffee cup with a strip on in reprinted from Texas History Movies - see

My question is regarding what the Texian army did after the Runaway Scrape. So I understand that during the evacuation, Sam Houston provided his army with "rigorous military training". Some sources list this training as being as long as a month and some list it as being only two weeks.

What exactly did this training entail? I gather that most, if not all, of the soldiers already knew how to shoot, take care of their rifles, etc., but are there any records of what training they actually received (other than "don't run away")


So what is the deal with every pirate’s perfect partner? Where does the stereotypical pirate and his (talking) parrot come from? Were there any actual pirates who had pet parrots? If not, what might have led us to associate the two?


Today is the Remembrance and Sorrow day and the day on which the Great Patriotic War (part of WW2 that took place on the Eastern front) started.

So the Defence Ministry uploaded some of the declassified documents dating to the early days of the war. Like the directive of the Peoples' commisar made in the early hours of 22 June 1941.

They can be found here, unfortunately they are in Russian only, but I still hope that might be of interest.


Goodmorning r/history

Album link at the end.

Yesterday I was reading a post about Polish soldiers during World War 2, and noticed there are few veteran grand-children great-grand children whos family were fighting in Africa campaign and I realised that probably most of them dont have any or only few pictures to remember their loved ones.

Luckly for me time had spared few his belongings from that horrible time (im pretty sure I even saw as a kid pack of cigarettes, need to visit my grandmother to find it), Beside some pre-war obligations or something like that I have found a pack of photographs he, or his friend took during his tour around the Africa. It would be too selfish to keep them hidden from a world.

Photos are smaller then a pack of cigs, probably to easily keep them in pockets and were very heavily rolled, tried my best to make a photo. Grandmother didnt allow me to take them from house to scan them in some professional point, scared that someone can steal last memories of her father.

I'll copy my comment from the Polish Soldiers during WW2 post.

"My great grandfather was at first in Samodzielna Brygada Strzelcow Karpackich, then war began. He told my great grandmother with two small daughters: "Ill be back in a few weeks". They never saw themselves after that. Then I have small blank space what happened later, but he ended up in Africa with Gen. Anders. What I heard he went thru all Africa, Tobruk battle etc, ended up in Monte Cassino. One of his war stories was about a soldier whos legs were blown off, and he didnt even realise that and was still trying to run on what left of them.

After a war he ended up in England because everyone told him what was happening to vets back in "Poland". He stayed there to the end of his life. I found in one book about war veterans that he and few his army friends bought small farm and decided to be farmers.. It was probably one of the worst farms ever ;D they didn't know shit about farm life.

My great-grandmother raised her daughters alone, great-granddad never returned and died in England. It's hard to believe but they actually never started any new families and are finally together resting beside themselves in Veteran Cementary.

My second grand-father was a Scoutmaster before war, and during the war he joined the resistance in woods. One day he told one of his friend that he finally want to visit his wife because he didnt saw her for a very long time. When he came back to the city the Gestapo was already waiting for him under her house. It was never prooved if the friend was a traitor, or it was just a tragic accident. He was send to Auschwitz-Birkenau and never came back. So yeah, and I didn't even hold a gun in my whole life, how times change."


Maybe someone will be superb happy to see someone they knew, loved or never ever met but heard stories about him.


ps. I would love to hear if anyone recognise any of those places captured there. Are those building, statues still standing, etc.


Hello, today I've visited my grandma, and she was super happy that anyone even liked those pictures. She was suprised that someone found those "boring pictures" interesting at all. So she decided to share with me more stories that she still remember.

First I asked her how my ggfather ended up with the rest of soldiers in Jerusalem, because I knew he was never a Soviet POW: She told me, he was captured and was held in Prison camp in Hungary with few of his soldier friends. So as a good officer they decided to escape, they were trying 3 times.

No idea why they didnt get shot, or maybe some did and few survived, but the last time they had a plan like in a goddamn movie. One of them gathered enough money and bought a German or Hungary uniform, took few of his fellow friends and simply walked them out of a prison. Is it true story? hard to believe but I've heard it for many years in my family, and I want to believe it is.

The second story is 100% autentic and I've found records of this situation. This is how in my family the story was repeated:

My far uncle Borys Wierstakow was a field doctor who was following big army unit with his wagon-driver and orderly. They leave a main road looking for a place to open a field hospital. They met two Germans who told them that in a near Foresters house there is a German unit with high ranked oficer inside.

Without much thinking they waited unit dusk, and started shooting and screaming like it was a siege. It worked and 18 enemy soldiers surrendered.

When Borys entered the building in one room there was a nobody else but Generalleutnant Günther Krappe commander of X SS Corps, who was still standing in bowl of water after washing his feet.

He earned with this action the highest Polish army decoration, Order Virtuti Militari.


I know France gets constantly put down on for their multiple surrenders and losses during major wars, not to mention the commonly misconstrued Napoleon campaign into Russia, but were these military failures due more to poor planning and strategy by the French military during the battles or to other causes such as lack of supplies or aid?


I’m honestly curious if historians have ever determined that a historical document/writings that were determined to be an account of historical activity was actually satirical. Just to be clear, I’m referring to something written during the implied time period and not something that was later determined to be fraudulent. Appreciate any answers that can be provided!


In How_to_Win_Friends_and_Influence_People by Dale Carnegie. He wrote that Rockefeller Jr. speech to striking miner, ending the strike peacefully.

But as I search for the event at that time, the only event related to miner and Rockefeller is "Ludlow Massacre" which miners have been put to order by force.

So what's the truth? Do Dale Carnegie misquote a person? or is it half-truth?


I’m curious about how schools were funded in the South before Brown vs. the Board of Education. Did funding play a role in the ruling that the schools were separate but not equal? Today school funding is heavily tied to property taxes, which plays a role in de jure segregation. Has funding always been tied to property taxes?


I learned recently the term is fairly modern, first used as the form ‘Mammalia’ by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. But what were animals that shared those traits called before then as a broad term? Mammals, bugs, fish, and reptiles are distinct in appearance from a glance, so that would lead me to believe there must have been broad non-scientific terms to describe them.


My family heritage is Russian Jew, and were actually located in Sevastopol and fought against the communist. My family has passed down part of my ancestor’s story, I know he was a Jewish Cossack cavalry officer, but I don’t know for what unit/brigade/etc., and I also know that he fought officially for the white army. Additionally, I know he was an equivalent to an American lieutenant.

I would also like to find info on units that existed in WW2 for the French Foreign Legion. My Great Grandfather was a sniper in the desert campaign and once again, I have some stories handed down, just not specifics.


I have done some research on this and people point to the main reason being cultural differences but I’m not sure this is the case. There are plenty of US States with different cultures within their boundaries. Before the civil war this territory was united since the US revolution and for years before when the land was first settled. What were the main factors that prevented reunification? Had the states just moved too far apart politically?


First off, apologies if this doesn't meet criteria, I have read the rules but hopefully this will get through (I'll try and make this as discussion provocing as possible).

Basically I've been listening to The Corrie's quite a lot recently and a lot of the Scottish folk songs they sing are intertwined with the Jacobite risings "Braes o' Killiecrankie", "The Battle of Prestonpans", "Roses of Prince Charlie", "Sherramuir Fight" to name but a few (if you haven't listened to these I very much recommend you do), and I wanted to try and find a book (or books) that had a balanced view of the whole period. From James II, to The Old Pretender, to Bonnie Prince Charlie.

Does something like this even exist? I have had a Google but it's so difficult to know whether a book is going to be balanced and fair (especially on a topic that is so tied to a nation's cultural heritage).

Thanks for any help you can offer!


Hello. I have 8 weeks left in my summer and I would like to spend the rest of this time learning history. I would say that I have 3 hours per day to spend towards this project. I could have more if I dispose of the time that I use for reading or what I plan to use for coding. I could have 5 hours if I wanted during the weekends, but I think that I'd tire out by that.

My plan is to study one subject per week. I do not intend to study every aspect of history; instead, I'll confine myself to a few subjects that interest me.

Note: I know that my knowledge will be basic.

Here is my plan:

Week #: Subject

  1. Ancient Greeks (probably just Athens/Sparta)

  2. Roman Republic/Empire

  3. French Revolution ? (Doesn't seem very interesting.) (Ik it comes after US Revolution)

  4. United States History 1776 - 1914 (large year interval)

  5. United States History 1914-1945 (WWI, WWII)

  6. United States History 1945-1980 (Cold War, Results of WWII) (thinking of this period makes me depressed)

  7. ?

  8. ?

Anyways, give me some suggestions. I'm not interested in European history. Should I spend a week dedicated to any period in European history? Should I just spend a week to skim over the entire European history?

What should I learn during the 7th and 8th weeks? Would you structure this differently? Does anything subject need less or more weeks?

I'm considering listening to a philosophy podcast during the last two weeks. Since it is 70 hours in total, I would have to listen 5 hours a day. I would do this by taking two long 2.5 hour walks. Would this be a better use of the last two weeks?


Do you think Harry Truman's decision to drop nuclear weapons in Japan was justified?

I have a hard time deciding which argument is correct.


I mean moments in history that just made you lean back from the textbook and go, "Niiiiiiice". Mic drops, b*tch slaps, or the equivalent. The kind of thing that really brings History alive and breaks the occasionally dreary backdrop.

My vote is for the Defenestration of Prague. The most famous one, at the start of the 30 Years War. I always felt that was one of the most stylish ways to start a war, just throwing a dignitary from the opposing side out a window and into a dung heap.


I thought it was pretty gripping. There a group of dudes that scout out probable sites of WWII relics. They return the remains and findings 100% to museums.

The first two episodes were in Latvia for latter part of WWII with Russia and Germany, but the way they know the history and the respect they have for the men who died was really humbling.

On one episode, they discovered a femur next to half of a skull, which obviously is a sign that someone died a horribly violent death. They found his razor, which made the vastness of the Russian front seem so personal. I think you guys would dig it. No pun intended.

EDIT: Battlefield Recovery**, my bad. Also Netflix in the USA.


Hey guys so i reading about the downfall of the Mughals in the 18th century in India. There were a lot of reasons but i think 'Court Politics' was one of the major reasons in the downfall. Can you please tell me more about the role of 'court politics' in the downfall of the mughals in India? I am so curious!

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