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Original Poster41 points · 13 hours ago

Australian university students give far more credit than the previous generation to the science of human evolution and far less to creationism or divine guidance, according to a landmark new study.

In an overview of the last 32 years of annually-assessed student opinions, it is clear that belief among students that a god is the ultimate or contributing cause of human origins has steeply declined from being a majority view in 1986 to being a small minority view in 2017. Conversely, conviction that humans evolved without divine involvement of any kind rose steeply over the same period to become the dominant view among students.

Every year since 1986, the researchers polled first-year biology students at UNSW Sydney about their views on evolution and creationism. In 1986, 60% of students believed a god had something to do with the origin of humans, while only 29% held this view in 2017. In contrast, the percentage of students convinced that a god had nothing to do with the origin of humans increased from 25% in 1986 to 62% in 2017.

The findings – published today in Evolution: Education and Outreach – are the longest continuous annual survey of opinions about creationism versus evolution among first-year university students world-wide.

Professor Michael Archer, lead study author and Professor at UNSW Science’s School of Biological, Earth & Environmental Sciences, says the original intent of the poll was to assess the level of commitment among incoming students to supernatural explanations for our origins.

“Given that the creationist view (that humans were created by God within the last 10,000 years, rather than evolved naturally over millions of years without the involvement of God) is common among American students, we wanted to know how much of a challenge introducing the evidence for evolution to first-year students would be for us in Australia,” Archer said.

https://www.scimex.org/newsfeed/32-year-long-australian-study-reveals-steep-decline-in-student-belief-that-god-created-humans

Study https://evolution-outreach.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12052-018-0083-9

There are ways that you can make an effort to take this into your own hands.

For a holistic approach to reducing your consumption, waste, and overall environmental impact, you should check out /r/ZeroWaste!

You can also check out the wiki for a more comprehensive guide as well.

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Original Poster4 points · 1 day ago

Thanks for this!

Original Poster4 points · 1 day ago

Japan’s marine life could see “unprecedented changes” if carbon dioxide emissions keep increasing, a team of British, Japanese and Italian scientists warned in a recently published study.

The academics have been studying the effects of higher CO2 levels in the atmosphere upon marine fauna and flora and surveyed waters around some of Japan’s underwater volcanic vents as a “window to the future.”

Their findings show rising CO2 emissions in the atmosphere have reduced the ocean’s alkalinity (a process more commonly known as “acidification”) and harmed biodiversity. In the long run, this could have a negative effect on Japan’s prized coral and kelp forests, the scientists warn in their peer-reviewed paper.

Explaining the research, Jason Hall-Spencer, professor of marine biology at Plymouth University, said, “Unless we get a grip on reducing CO2 emissions, we will undoubtedly see major degradation of coastal systems worldwide.”

Divers from the universities of Plymouth in Britain, Tsukuba in Ibaraki Prefecture and Palermo in Italy studied reefs off Shikine Island, in the Izu Island chain south of Shimoda, Shizuoka Prefecture, which is in a transition zone between the subtropical and temperate zones.

https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/08/21/national/science-health/scientists-warn-unprecedented-changes-japans-marine-life-amount-co2-increases/#.W3uzQ9JKjrd

Original Poster3 points · 1 day ago

Japan’s marine life could see “unprecedented changes” if carbon dioxide emissions keep increasing, a team of British, Japanese and Italian scientists warned in a recently published study.

The academics have been studying the effects of higher CO2 levels in the atmosphere upon marine fauna and flora and surveyed waters around some of Japan’s underwater volcanic vents as a “window to the future.”

Their findings show rising CO2 emissions in the atmosphere have reduced the ocean’s alkalinity (a process more commonly known as “acidification”) and harmed biodiversity. In the long run, this could have a negative effect on Japan’s prized coral and kelp forests, the scientists warn in their peer-reviewed paper.

Explaining the research, Jason Hall-Spencer, professor of marine biology at Plymouth University, said, “Unless we get a grip on reducing CO2 emissions, we will undoubtedly see major degradation of coastal systems worldwide.”

Divers from the universities of Plymouth in Britain, Tsukuba in Ibaraki Prefecture and Palermo in Italy studied reefs off Shikine Island, in the Izu Island chain south of Shimoda, Shizuoka Prefecture, which is in a transition zone between the subtropical and temperate zones. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/08/21/national/science-health/scientists-warn-unprecedented-changes-japans-marine-life-amount-co2-increases/#.W3uzQ9JKjrd

Study https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-29251-7

Original Poster3 points · 1 day ago

Researchers at Yale School of Public Health and their scientific partners have found that having a depressed spouse can increase one’s own depressive symptoms as well as cognitive decline over time in late life.

The findings are published in the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

“Because spouses’ emotions and intellectual activities influence each other in daily life, we expected that spouses’ mental and cognitive health would also be related over time. And this is what we found,” said Joan Monin, Ph.D., associate professor in the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences at the Yale School of Public Health.

​ Because previous epidemiological studies have found that spouses share many health behaviors and health conditions in late life, Monin and her co-authors were interested in whether spouses’ cognitive impairment and depressive symptoms were also related. Using data from the Cardiovascular Health Study, which included 1,028 married couples age 60 and over, Monin and her team looked at associations and changes over time in spouses’ depressive symptoms and 3MS scores, a common clinical measure of cognitive functioning, at three visits spanning 7 years.

https://publichealth.yale.edu/article.aspx?id=18115

Study https://www.ajgponline.org/article/S1064-7481(18)30392-0/fulltext

Comment deleted1 day ago
7 points · 1 day ago

When I was a science journalist I wrote about predictions this would come then ended up writing gradually over the years news stories about record-breaking...everything (just about).

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Original Poster1 point · 1 day ago · edited 1 day ago

Hi

Who have you reported for?

Edit: Iv just read your bio. Impressive. Im going message you.

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15 points · 1 day ago · edited 1 day ago

PSA: There are two perfectionism-related disorders, and they're named unhelpfully. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted, unpleasant intrusive thoughts, where the person can't feel at ease until they've done the perfectionistic thing or other ritual. It does not feel like the proper order of things, and many are aware their compulsions are overdone. If you draw an analogue to the Big 5 dystem of healthy personality traits, it could be characterized as a bit of Conscientiousness but mostly Neuroticism (negative emotional response) taken to an uncomfortable extreme. OCD sufferers think they have a problem and would like it fixed.

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder or OCPD is the opposite - it is ego-syntonic, that is, perceived as the right thing to do, and personally desirable. OCPD is what most "My OCD is acting up" jokes are about, in Big 5 parlance it could be characterized as Conscientiousness taken to silly heights. These people actively like things being orderly, planned and regimented. In essence, Cosncientiousness is a measure of a person's self control, their ability to subordinate immediate desires in favour of achieving goals or adhering to plans, a resulting liking of orderliness and a sense of personal capability, and of perseverance. In an OCPD sufferer, these are taken to such an extreme that it is hard, effortful and sometimes distressing to deviate from pre-made plans and to act spontaneously. OCPD sufferers are difficult to treat because they don't think they have a problem: Rather, they're doing it right and most others fall short, or at least they find their own perfectionistic lifestyle comfortable for themselves while realizing it's not for most people.

Disclaimer: Not a psychologist, just an interested layman, above is my own understanding of things.

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Original Poster2 points · 1 day ago

Thanks for your insight. It was an interesting read.

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