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In my day we would’ve called that a Dusk Stone and used it to evolve our Murkrow.

In addition to all the great answers relating to metals, the same is true for rock! Some of the final properties of rocks are determined by their cooling process, from the point of being a molten material to when they solidify and their interior crystalline structure starts to form.

There has been such a tremendous amount of misinformation regarding the space force. For a comprehensive overview of the proposal I implore to listen to the latest episode of Planetary Radio’s space policy podcast. It’s incredibly informative.

1.1k points · 15 days ago · edited 14 days ago

My friend said he wanted to get into Jazz so I recommended the following three records: Kind of Blue - Mile Davis, Saxophone Colossus - Sonny Rollins, and A Love Supreme - John Coltrane. There are many, many more you could add to this list but these are my top 3 in terms of Jazz albums that I've listened to from start to finish.

Edit Boy this blew up. I'm going to hijack the top comment to tell you all to have a nice day :)

Edit pt. II Thanks for all the awesome Jazz recommendations! I'm excited to check out all this new music.

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Pat Metheny’s album The Way Up is a masterpiece.

Looks like the spire is up next...

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IIRC the spire was included in the new design, albeit with an updated name to it

I’m visiting here this week! Hijacking this post and asking for any recommendations for things to do in the city!

1.5k points · 1 month ago

The DOJ tried to fight AT&T-Time Warner and they lost the case.

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That’s because this case in particular was a vertical merger and didn’t necessarily stifle competition for the individual markets the two companies compete in.

Extinction is forever, buddy. Those ecological systems will be forever changed.

There is still SO much worth fighting for so yeah, you’re right. There is so much we can and SHOULD still do. Also, saying we’re fucked is sort of subjective. My personal opinion is that we’re already pretty fucked from the extent of damage done already.

109 points · 1 month ago

We are not fucked. We are humans. Gloriously gifted with knowledge and vast numbers. We need only do something about carbon levels. Claiming we are doomed is not only naive and ignorant, it's repeated ad infinitum to discourage constructive conversation. It's just noise people who don't understand the issue spew to drown out thoughtful discussion.

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This isn’t true at all. Climate change will cause, for all intents and purposes, irreplaceable damage, at least on human time scales. Associated with climate change are things like ocean acidification, PH and salinity imbalances in oceans, habitat loss, and all the human related consequences like war, famine, and further habitat loss. Extinction is happening at 1000 times the background rate while landscapes are being scalped. Desertification and coral die-offs are changing the physical landscapes and these things don’t rebound or if they do it takes tens to hundreds of years.

There isn’t a hard reset button for the damage we’ve done. We’re on damage control right now and can only work to mitigate those losses. Our actions have had and continue to have very real and lasting consequences.

What did they take?! Poor guy :/

The wand was awful and had no place caressing spaceship earth like that.

So I’ve been going to Epcot since the beginning. I’m nostalgic for the old Epcot but things change. The Epcot that I love has become stale and even an empty shell in several areas. I think that this and Ratatouille may give the park some new life. I appreciate Walt’s vision as much as the next person but Epcot as it opened wasn’t what Walt envisioned. I’m sad that it will never be that, but I am trying to be optimistic about the changes.

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I appreciate the optimism but the park became stale because the vision and values of the park were never tended to. It takes a special kind of visionary to make such an ambitious park like Epcot work. It’s disappointing because the idea of Epcot, not Walt’s vision even but just the updated concept of what Epcot came to be, held so much promise for what a theme park could be; a celebration of the human condition and of our greatest achievements. In many ways it’s being taken over by lazy, half hearted refurbishments that deviate from something that could have been incredible to those that would even appreciate it. The culture has changed and that’s what sucks. Animal kingdom has retained its culture in many ways. So has magic kingdom and perhaps even Hollywood studios to some degree. However, Epcot is now just a failed vision due to the lazy sell outs.

5.3k points · 2 months ago · edited 2 months ago

Anything that is sent to Mars is thoroughly inspected, cleaned, and sanitized {marsmobile.jpl.nasa.gov}. There are some microorganisms that can still survive a trip to Mars, such as a well-known Tardigrade (Wiki). That's the main reason rovers avoid parts of the planet that contain water or ice - they can still carry Earth's life and contaminate it {sciencealert.com}.

So far all life-detecting tests done by rovers are interpreted as negative. If we find a sign of life on Mars, we will make sure it's not brought by us from Earth.

Edit: Answering a few questions that keep repeating.

Why do we refrain from contaminating Mars? Wouldn't that be an interesting experiment?

It would be, but before we do that, we want to make sure there is no native life on Mars that we might accidentally destroy (as we often do). If we find micro-organisms there, it would be nice to study them without our own organisms getting in the way wherever we go.

Wouldn't a manned mission contaminate Mars?

It will. Before we can send humans to Mars we will have to modify the rules of the Outer Space Treaty. Hopefully we can find life there before we send humans. If not, hopefully the first humans will find life. If we don't, it's pretty clear there is no life there. But we will not be colonizing and terraforming Mars until this question is answered.

Shouldn't we search for life in water-rich zones, instead of the opposite?

Yeah, ideally we should, but because our rovers are not 100% clean, letting invasive life forms flourish in Mars's potentially already living waters, before we have a chance to at least send a few of them back to us, is just not worth it. On top of that, we don't need to check water contents to determine if Mars has life - the atmosphere and soil can give us enough clues to answer that.

Don't we have the technology to sterilize things to 100%? Or are we that neglectful?

We do have the technology, and we can use it with ease. The problem is that if you want to sterilize a circuit board, you end up frying it. One proposed idea is to build a rover on Mars with 3D printers, and sterilize all the necessary materials separately.

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If I’m not mistaken, they also extensively document the microbes and bacteria on the rovers as well and keep these catalogs for future reference.

3

Monday went in to my doctor to check out a lump. Thursday was the ultrasound. By Friday morning I was in with my Urologist being told that I have a testicular mass that is assumed to be cancerous and I will be going in for surgery on Monday.

This all happened so incredibly fast I’ve had little time to process what this all means. This is my first surgery and the thought of chemo afterwards terrifies me. I’m trying to take that one step at a time. What scares me the most is trying to figure out how I am going to afford all of this. I would really love some advice or to hear other folks experience in how they afford their TC treatments.

I have health insurance, which covers 60% of the cost for speciality meds. I’m so worried that if I can’t pay for this up front that I will be denied the proper medication. Are there payment plans for this kind of thing for people who are of humble means?

Thanks in advance for the advice.

3
28 comments

Hey,

Thanks for getting back in touch! Sounds like you're also doing well - great to hear.

Looks like observation will be a good choice for you then if the doctor is advising it. And you've found it as early as possible! How have you been feeling since the results?

My mum was a nurse so thankfully told me to take the dressing off, otherwise would have been very tempted to leave it on as well.

I'm really split just now on choosing. My oncologist didn't push me either way and said it was a personal choice. I would prefer he just told me! I think mine was stage 1b as some cancerous cells were found in the blood vessels. Not sure though. Going to do a bit more research over the weekend then talk to him again on Friday.

Generally feel ok but I never really accepted I had cancer until the biopsy results. Bit scared at the thought of going through chemo. Positives are it's been caught early and I'm so glad I checked! Also that it's totally treatable!

Thanks for your positive message. Definitely helping me out.

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Original Poster1 point · 3 months ago

Hey!

Hope things are going well and you're hanging in there. You're lucky your mom is a nurse! That must have been nice having her around to help take care of you. My sister is in her final year of nursing school so it was great having her around to chat about things.

How's the decision process going? Has researching provided you any direction to what choice will be best for you? I'm a bit apprehensive too at the thought of ever having to go through chemo but from everything I've read, while it still is a pretty unpleasant experience, it seems a bit milder than many other type of chemo treatments for other cancers and all the side effects seem temporary. If it means that the chances of the cancer ever coming back are dropped so low then one or two months of feeling crummy might be a worthwhile sacrifice. It's a tough decision, though and like you, I'd much rather have the doctor just tell me what to do!

Things will be fine, though! Like you noted, it's entirely treatable. Just a bit of an inconvenience but nothing that will really muck up the summer plans :) I suppose the hardest part would just be coordinating with work and school or anything like that but I'd imagine both being totally understanding.

Hey,

I’m pretty much fully recovered from surgery! Found out that it was definitely cancer. 90% non-seminoma and 10% seminoma.

Glad it’s out but I would say the biggest shock for me was that I’ve got a 50/50 chance of it’s coming back. Now need to decide whether to get 2 BEP cycles of chemo and bring the relapse odds to 2-5%. Or just go on observation (blood tests every two weeks and CT scans once every 12 weeks).

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Original Poster1 point · 3 months ago

Hey man!

Thrilled to hear you're fully recovered! It's amazing how quickly you're back up and at it after a surgery like that. I was dumb and waited like two weeks to take the steri-strip tape off the incision so my skin kind of reacted to the adhesive but it's all fine now. How are you feeling, though?

It sounds like they must have caught it pretty early on if they're giving you the option of observation vs chemo. It's reassuring too that it's all very treatable through chemo. What are you leaning more towards right now? The odds after just two cycles sounds pretty fantastic.

Mine ended up being >90% seminoma, <5% teratoma, and a microscopic spec of carcinoma, so they're treating it as a non-seminoma. My oncologist was reluctant to put me on chemo unless I absolutely needed it. I was at stage 1a so the preferred method is observation, just like what you were describing. I actually didn't discuss the odds of it coming back with him if I'm opting out of chemo so I'm definitely going to chat with him later this week to find out.

Again, thrilled to hear you're doing well!

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Remember those hornets you used to make as a kid? Where you’d fold a piece of paper into a small L shape and then slingshot it on a rubber band into your friend? When I was in summer camp some idiot kid thought it’d be cool to do that using an aluminum Reese’s wrapper and shoot it from point blank range into my eye. Probably one of the worse pains I’ve ever felt. Since then I’ve been terrified of anything touching my eye. I still don’t think I could wear contacts if I had to because of that.

Go to the doctor though. They’ll give you some eye drops to prevent any infection and help it heal.

Are the bumps super noticeable? Just rolled my balls around my finger tips for a min.

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They become noticeable. For me it at first felt like the firmness or density of my boy was changing. It felt a lot harder than the other one but only on one side. Eventually I started to feel an irregularity in the shape sure enough I had it.

Describe abnormalities.. I have a lump on lefty that tends too hide and move depending on what activitys im doing went to docter they can never find it then go home and both me and my wife can be like "here it is"

Tl:DR. I have a lump not sure what it is.

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Ask for an ultrasound and put the mystery to rest. I went to my doctor for the same thing and although she couldn’t feel anything she sent me for an ultrasound anyway and sure enough my poor left testicle was being eaten alive by cancer lol nothing to fear but an ultrasound will tell all

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What do you mean? Uber is very serious about getting driverless tech, and they don't mind killing you to get there.

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They have pretty killer technology

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Monday went in to my doctor to check out a lump. Thursday was the ultrasound. By Friday morning I was in with my Urologist being told that I have a testicular mass that is assumed to be cancerous and I will be going in for surgery on Monday.

This all happened so incredibly fast I’ve had little time to process what this all means. This is my first surgery and the thought of chemo afterwards terrifies me. I’m trying to take that one step at a time. What scares me the most is trying to figure out how I am going to afford all of this. I would really love some advice or to hear other folks experience in how they afford their TC treatments.

I have health insurance, which covers 60% of the cost for speciality meds. I’m so worried that if I can’t pay for this up front that I will be denied the proper medication. Are there payment plans for this kind of thing for people who are of humble means?

Thanks in advance for the advice.

6
13 comments

Going on my third cancer diagnosis before 30.....ya the finacials is worst than the medicine in my opinion. Social workers are awesome at fginding charities, benevolent benefactors, and all manner of donations. The American Cancer Society is a huge resource. Their are a ton of resources out there. I have never been denied treatment because of outstanding bills. Just worry about getting better and getting the care you need!

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Original Poster2 points · 4 months ago

Thanks for the encouragement :) I'm going to do my best to just focus on getting better for now. I'll absolutely be sure to contact the social workers within my healthcare network. I'll research the American Cancer Society too! This is all great information and I can't thank you enough.

It's amazing you've conquered cancer twice already and I have no doubt you'll knock it out again.

Found some other places....copays.org

And auntbertha.com is a database of all sorts of charities. All will get better!

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Original Poster2 points · 4 months ago

Thanks for sharing these too! I'll definitely be researching them :) I appreciate the encouragement!!

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Is there a simple comprehensive guide to starting an exercise/fitness routine for someone starting from scratch? Theres not a scarcity of information on the web but an overabundance making it seemingly arbitrary to pick just one. Also, I don't have any weights or equipment but I do have access to a university gym but body weight exercises are preferable. Also, the goal isn't to increase muscle mass but rather get in shape and start healthy habits. Thanks!

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