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Hi all,

I've recently been studying for my CCENT exam, coming from 0 experience and following along on CBTNuggets. I'm really starting to enjoy and understand networking.

While I have been using Packet Tracer to follow along with the labs provided by CBTNuggets, the other day I was offered by some of the IT guys at work some old equipment - which I'd prefer because I'm more of a hands-on learner.

All up I was given

3 x Cisco 1841 Routers - Running IOS 15

2 x Cisco WS-C2950-24 Layer 2 Switches - Running IOS 12

1 x Cisco WS-C3550-24 Layer 3 Switch - Running IOS 12

A bunch of Ethernet cables, plugs, serial ports, a rack and rack mounts for dirt cheap - I'd be stupid to say no to, so I took it all.

My question is, would learning on the IOS 12 equipment affect my studying/chances on passing the exam?


Not for CCNA.

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Original Poster1 point · 2 months ago

Would I require all IOS 15 for CCNA?

Not in the slightest.

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Original Poster1 point · 2 months ago

Thanks - Googling around people have mixed opinions about the equipment I got, so I started to second guess myself

As a 16 year old, I'd recommend ditching myfitnesspal and focusing on making healthier food decisions and working out/playing sport.

While your still growing if you focus on building some good solid habits now, you'll find that you wont struggle with weight as you get older.

It's something I wished I did as a teen, that way my relationship with food would of been much better.


Stay consistent with your diet and training and the weight will fall off.
Also, understand just because you had one bad meal or day it's not the end of the world, just get back on track!

All the best!


I've changed my squat stance to a wider stance roughly 8 weeks ago, having long legs this has really helped me feel more comfortable hitting depth but one thing I've noticed is my squat speed has slowed.

No matter the weight my rep speed is slow compared to when I squat with a narrower stance. I hope with more time it'll start getting better but so far only very minimal improvement.

Is there anything inherently wrong with a slower squat speed? I know I won't be able to build up my explosiveness but other than that am I missing anything else?


but one thing I've noticed is my squat speed has slowed.

No matter the weight my rep speed is slow compared to when I squat with a narrower stance

I would argue that this entirely about the weight. If you're loading up 1 plate vs 4 plates and are just as slow and your bar speed is still slow, then something isn't right.

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Original Poster3 points · 3 months ago

I should clarify a bit better, 1 plate v 4 plate there is a speed difference (1 plate being much faster), it's the difference in between a 1 plate narrow stance vs a 1 plate wide stance that is more concerning. Same weight, much slower.

Comment deleted3 months ago
Original Poster4 points · 3 months ago

Chasing hypertrophy so I guess it works out well


As a friend I want to see you achieve your weight loss goals. I managed to achieved mine and while it wasn't easy, I in no way regret the struggle as I am now living a much happier life.

But this is the last time you are going to be wasting my time.

This is the second time in the space of 2 months that we have sat down together for a couple of hours and I outline everything I did in order to lose weight and for you to ignore it in the space of 24 hours because of various reasons.

The first time I explained everything from me counting my macros to my exercise program. I calculated your macros and showed you how to use MyFitnessPal only for you to text me later that night saying "Apparently counting macros doesn't work, so I'm going to try X diet instead."

If it doesn't work, how did I lose the 40kg?

The second time, being this past Saturday. I ran through the same stuff but thought I'd make it less overwhelming for you, instead of macros just count your calories. I don't care what you eat, as long as you eat as close to the number I gave you. I decided I'd give you a follow up text this morning, to see how the weekend has gone only for you to reply saying "I've brought these diet pills so I'm just going to try them"

Don't waste my time anymore, I've give you all the advice I can give. If you don't want to act on it because you've heard from someone who was never fat that it doesn't work or some pop up is selling fake diet pills then don't come to me.

I just don't want to hear you complaining when we as a group are all out for dinner, about how fat you are getting when I've given you all the help you need to get started.

2 points · 3 months ago

What are macros? I’m trying to lose weight. I’ve lost 30 pounds so far and maybe calculating these mysterious units will help?

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Original Poster1 point · 3 months ago

Good work on the 30 pounds so far!

Macros are proteins, fats & carbs - basically the way I lost weight was I had a daily target of X grams per macro that I tried to eat too everyday. I say tried because there were times I ate over or under but mostly I stayed within 5-10 grams per macro.

I suggest heading over to /r/Fitness & /r/Loseit and reading their Wiki pages, there is a lot of useful information which helped me get started.

I wish you all the best in your continued efforts!

It's most likely water weight and you''ll start to get back to your normal weight over the next few days, the extra carbs from the food and drinking will contribute to you holding more water weight. I wouldn't stress about it, just keep at it and you'll be fine.

I often practice intermittent fasting when I know I'm going out for dinner, this allows me to eat most of my calories with everyone else at the table, this also results in waking up heavier the following morning but from experience over the next day or two I return to normal.

In the beginning it's a matter of self control and fighting the urge, it does get easier down the track and personally, I found my binges aren't as bad anymore.

I used to binge heavily, often telling myself "I'll restart my diet tomorrow" or worse "I'll start again on monday" (sometimes Monday was 3-4 days away... which led to massive binges)

It took me awhile to change my mentality from the "I'll start again at insert later date" to "I'll start again now!"

As stupid as this sounds, once I've realized I'm in a binge or have just started a binge, I'd go to a separate room (often the bathroom so now one could see me) and I'd just tell myself over and over, "if I restart now the damage wont be as bad."

I'd be lying if I said that worked instantly but over time it helped improved my self control and my binges became less frequent and less damaging.

7 points · 4 months ago · edited 4 months ago

I'm not sure if this is the correct place at all but for a while I've been meaning to 'learn the basics' of being a system admin just out of curiosity.I Have finally managed to get my hands on some equipment to set up a very basic home lab to play on.

I previously found a list of tasks to 'learn windows server' it was laid out similar to this post but obviously was for windows, just wondering if anyone remembers it or can find it?

I wish I saved it originally because it looked like it'd be fun to go through and provide a bit of structure to my learning.

EDIT - Managed to find it, for anyone who is interested This is what I was talking about

I can't remember who said it but "it's like getting a massage with a jumper/jacket on, it's still good but would be better without it"


Just a simple question as I'm starting to learn a bit more and really focus on my finances.

Would buying VGS be the same as registering for a international broker (CommSec International) and buying an index fund for that market?

If not which is the better method?



It will really come down to the holdings of the ETF. If the holdings are the same (i.e. if it's for exactly the same index and weighted the same) you're probably better off buying the ASX version. The brokerage fees are cheaper, and if the fund is AU domiciled you won't need to fill out the foreign tax paperwork.

Also, do you want to take a currency risk? Or would you prefer to invest in the currency hedged version of the fund e.g. VGAD instead of VGS?

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Original Poster6 points · 6 months ago

Holdings are basically the same, so i'll stick to the ASX version to avoid filling our all the excess paperwork. Thanks


Without giving to much away, I've been with the company for 4 years, started basically as cleaner and have worked my way up into my current role (office based/behind a computer).

During some downtime I was cleaning up/filing away some very old documents and came across the advertisement that was going to be used to advertise for my current job (if no one internal stepped up).

It outlines all my duties (which since have expanded - been in this current role for 2 years now). One thing I did notice is that it mention the salary, which is currently +15k more than I earn. Obviously a noticeable increase and would help me out financially!

I just need advice on asking about/for a pay rise, do I mention I found the advertisement?

I've compiled a list of my current duties including all of those on the advertisement + more, so I am prepared to tell them what I do on a day to day basis and also all the recent things I've accomplished.

All advice appreciated!

EDIT - Thought I should add, I am already getting paid the 'industry-standard'


Sounds like you know where to start. If it were me, I would also attempt to get similar job offers and see what they're offering, that way you have some leverage and could possibly leave if they decline to pay you what you should be getting paid.

Best thing is to stick to the facts, here are my numbers here are others numbers, here is what the pay range is, I feel I am top 5 and should be getting paid as such. etc.

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Original Poster1 point · 7 months ago

I was thinking about getting other job offers but the rate I am on is basically the industry standard.

Edited the original post to add that.

In that case, your compilation of responsibilities and additional duties that the posting did not mention, along with your "stats" (if you have any) may be enough to sway them a little.

Attendance, attitude, etc come into play too. Example: If you don't show up to work, why should they give you a raise. If you hate your job and will leave for no reason, why should they give you a raise. etc.

Don't get your hopes up, because they don't need to do anything, and you don't need to quit over it either. Doesn't hurt to ask.

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Original Poster1 point · 7 months ago

I don't plan on quitting over it, the work environment is great. Thanks for the advice

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Hi all,

I've been a long time lurker and thanks to all of you I have finally gotten my finances in a stable place.

Moving forward I plan on investing any "left over" cash I have. Although I have seemed to confuse myself. I've read you should have X% in a domestic index fund, X% in an international index fund and X% in bonds.

With such a small amount ($5K) would it be smart to split it or begin in one index fund and as I get more cash begin to balance my portfolio?


Thanks for the reply. I prefer not to use brokers wherever possible because I'm a stingy bastard, but may need to use one for this. If any Aussies know how it could be done on CommSec, that would be tops mate

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Look into CommSec International, I havent used it just yet personally but I plan to in the very near future!

You so sure about that? Watch Ryan Stewart's talk about doing the first 3 months of work in 9 hours. And he actually ranks his clients.

I know SEO's and people who have worked at agencies that have done zero for any entire month, except a fancy report.

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Do you have a link? Would love to give it a watch

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December 2, 2017
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