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randomusefulbits 1 point

Abstract

Aging results in pervasive declines in nervous system function. In the auditory system, these declines include neural timing delays in response to fast-changing speech elements; this causes older adults to experience difficulty understanding speech, especially in challenging listening environments. These age-related declines are not inevitable, however: older adults with a lifetime of music training do not exhibit neural timing delays. Yet many people play an instrument for a few years without making a lifelong commitment. Here, we examined neural timing in a group of human older adults who had nominal amounts of music training early in life, but who had not played an instrument for decades. We found that a moderate amount (4–14 years) of music training early in life is associated with faster neural timing in response to speech later in life, long after training stopped (>40 years). We suggest that early music training sets the stage for subsequent interactions with sound. These experiences may interact over time to sustain sharpened neural processing in central auditory nuclei well into older age.

randomusefulbits 1 point

Abstract

Aging results in pervasive declines in nervous system function. In the auditory system, these declines include neural timing delays in response to fast-changing speech elements; this causes older adults to experience difficulty understanding speech, especially in challenging listening environments. These age-related declines are not inevitable, however: older adults with a lifetime of music training do not exhibit neural timing delays. Yet many people play an instrument for a few years without making a lifelong commitment. Here, we examined neural timing in a group of human older adults who had nominal amounts of music training early in life, but who had not played an instrument for decades. We found that a moderate amount (4–14 years) of music training early in life is associated with faster neural timing in response to speech later in life, long after training stopped (>40 years). We suggest that early music training sets the stage for subsequent interactions with sound. These experiences may interact over time to sustain sharpened neural processing in central auditory nuclei well into older age.

randomusefulbits 4 points

Abstract:

The Method-of-Loci (MoL) is a mnemonic strategy that individuals with a history of depression can use to facilitate access to self-affirming memories. In the current study, we investigated (a) the utility of the MoL to enhance access to a preidentified set of personal memories and (b) the ability of the MoL to facilitate the recollection of memories to regulate emotion. Participants in remission from chronic depression used a MoL or rehearsal procedure to facilitate memory recall. Participants using the MoL showed superior retention of this material at both a 1-week and 3-month follow-up memory test, relative to the rehearsal group. For both groups, memory recall effectively repaired mood after a mood induction procedure. Using a diary measure, participants trained to use the MoL reported greater use of the memory repository to offset downturns in mood in day-to-day life, indicating that this could be a useful strategy for mood regulation.

randomusefulbits 6 points

Abstract:

The Method-of-Loci (MoL) is a mnemonic strategy that individuals with a history of depression can use to facilitate access to self-affirming memories. In the current study, we investigated (a) the utility of the MoL to enhance access to a preidentified set of personal memories and (b) the ability of the MoL to facilitate the recollection of memories to regulate emotion. Participants in remission from chronic depression used a MoL or rehearsal procedure to facilitate memory recall. Participants using the MoL showed superior retention of this material at both a 1-week and 3-month follow-up memory test, relative to the rehearsal group. For both groups, memory recall effectively repaired mood after a mood induction procedure. Using a diary measure, participants trained to use the MoL reported greater use of the memory repository to offset downturns in mood in day-to-day life, indicating that this could be a useful strategy for mood regulation.

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randomusefulbits

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