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relic2279 commented on a post in r/Browns
relic2279 3 points

Kinda feel left out... :D

My fault though; I'm fairly quiet & hands-off... Most of my work is behind the scenes (css stuff, etc).

PabstyLoudmouth 3 points

I did not mean to leave you out, you are the grand master here, and did not want to bug you.

relic2279 3 points

Nah, it's my fault. :) I'm not the best at catching modmail messages due to the subreddits I help out in (my modmail is a never-ending flood of spam and to top it off, I have two separate modmail boxes to check).

and did not want to bug you.

I never feel bugged. :D Though, the best way to get in touch with me is via PM since I miss many/most modmail messages. Speaking of; I have gotten a couple PMs about changing/updating the CSS here. A few users thought it might be time. What do you think? Keep it as is, or update it? I'm fairly indifferent. And it doesn't necessarily have to be me to design the new layout if someone with some talent wants to give it a shot.

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relic2279 commented on a post in r/itookapicture
relic2279 1 point

I don't mean to knock your photo in any way (it's a gorgeous shot), but I am starting to wonder if people are flying to Tokyo just to take pictures of alleyways. :P I see so many of them here in this subreddit on a constant basis. Not that it's a bad thing at all, I'm just a bit jealous I can't yet afford the trip there.

Here's one from a week or so ago.

relic2279 commented on a post in r/space
Pluto_and_Charon 280 points

The TRAPPIST planets likely still have a magnetic field, there will still be a molten core. It's just that core will be buried under a 2000km thick mantle of water ice, preventing geothermal activity at the surface.

Plus, Earth-sized planets like the TRAPPIST worlds can retain their atmospheres even whilst having no magnetic field- look at Venus, for instance. Mars just has too little gravity to hold onto an atmosphere without a magnetic field.

relic2279 2 points

Earth-sized planets like the TRAPPIST worlds can retain their atmospheres even whilst having no magnetic field- look at Venus, for instance. Mars just has too little gravity to hold onto an atmosphere without a magnetic field.

Just as a side note; The Japanese have a probe around Venus right now (coincidentally, studying its atmosphere) with the speculation that Venus's insane volcanism is responsible for its atmosphere. Mars, on the other hand, doesn't have volcanism (or if it does, it's so infrequent to matter) and thus, nothing there to replenish what has been stripped away.

relic2279 commented on a post in r/pics
julian_zin 0 points

Guess you guys are comfortable being oppressors.

Right gais?

relic2279 3 points

Guess you guys are comfortable being oppressors.

That's a tad hyperbolic, no?

The "No Politics" rule was /r/Videos very first rule, nearly 7 years ago. It was put in place because politics was completely dominating the subreddit. Literally (not figuratively) every other video was political. We didn't want /r/Videos to become /r/Politicalvideos so the rule was created.

When one type of content drowns out or dominates all other types of content in a general topic subreddit like /r/Videos, it significantly lowers the quality of the subreddit (and does so objectively) -- thus the rule. It's there to ensure a wide & diverse range of topics and different types of content. Making sure one type of content doesn't dominate or overrun the subreddit is one of the few ways we keep the quality of content high.

relic2279 commented on a post in r/conspiracy
AnonDocs 115 points

Imagine being a mod who thinks their non-job and their arbitrary rules for posting somehow supercede a video that fortunately got viral that was discussing bringing awareness to a serious pedophile problem. "Yeah I know fighting pedophiles is important but you know what else is important? Some text on the sidebar on a stupid website. Waaaaaay more important than fighting pedophilia. Rules are rules bro, I'm doing IMPORTANT work!"

relic2279 2 points

Rules are rules bro, I'm doing IMPORTANT work!"

We don't make exceptions to our rules, and for very good reasons. If you don't like how we run our subreddit, you're more than welcome to create your own, and spend 10 years of your life helping to grow and manage it. Our rules are the culmination of all those years of experience -- we didn't just throw darts at a dartboard and choose our rules at random.

Also, reddit isn't just some "stupid website". It's the 4th largest website in the united states. That's massive. And /r/Videos has nearly 20 million subscribers -- that's more than the population of a medium sized country (Netherlands, Romania, Chile, etc). That means we're in uncharted territory here. There has never been a forum like reddit before which means we're extremely careful in what we do, and we don't do things "arbitrarily".

For example, every one of our rules was debated and discussed to death, sometimes for years before being added to our sidebar. So I take offense to the implication that they're just words on a sidebar. They're the result of the evolution of our community. They're there to keep the quality of the subreddit high and each one of them is there for very good reasons.

relic2279 commented on a post in r/space
AresV92 10 points

It depends on the strength of the CME. We get hit by little ones all the time and all they do is cause communications blackouts on the side of the Earth facing the Sun. A medium strength one could induce currents melting long conductors and make everything hot and maybe set a few fires. A big one would boil animals, people and small bodies of water, setting fire to most vegetation. In extreme cases one could be powerful enough to strip the atmosphere off the earth and boil the oceans, but these are obviously very rare and I doubt our Sun will ever produce something like this. If you really want to be afraid of a disaster that may never happen look up gamma ray bursts.

relic2279 4 points

If you really want to be afraid of a disaster that may never happen look up gamma ray bursts.

The interesting thing about these is that they happen at the speed of light, so there would be no warning that something like that was on its way. Fortunately, no stars are close enough, and have their "barrel" pointed at earth so it's not something we should be worried about. I say "barrel" because GRBs are directional, like a massive laser beam.

kd8azz 1 point

Fortunately, no stars ..

I mean, you don't actually know that. It's true that we haven't cataloged any that are currently aimed at us, but nonexistence is really hard to prove...

relic2279 1 point

I mean, you don't actually know that.

Sure I do. This is an area that's pretty well researched. Giant stars capable of going supernova aren't exactly hard to miss in the night sky. So it's not really a matter of seeing them, it's a matter of knowing where its poles are pointed, the star's age (likelihood of death), and its distance from Earth.

A star would have to be close enough for a GRB to do damage (relatively close), and also, its poles would have to cross Earth's path (be pointed at us, like a gun). If it's on a tilt/axis/angle where its poles aren't pointed at earth, then even if it did go supernova, its GRB wouldn't hit earth.

Right now there are no candidates close by that threaten us. Though, there is/was some dispute about W104. Fortunately, even if it did shoot a GRB at the Earth, the damage would be minor (relatively speaking) due to its distance (8k LY).

This is also good reading, it talks about the likelihood of a supernova hitting the Earth: Will a nearby supernova harm life on Earth in 2012? Nah.

Relevant quote: "Given the vastness of space and the long times between supernovae, astronomers can say with certainty that there is no threatening star close enough to hurt Earth."

relic2279 commented on a post in r/space
potatomar 7 points

This is just a copy of a post I posted that was deleted:

How often does the sun come between earth and mars?

I supposed it would be more accurate to say "How often does mars move behind the sun", since the sun's not the one moving.

Argh, I hope you understand what I'm trying to ask.

I need to find this out for a school thing and have spent ages squinting at a crappy gif of earth and mars' orbits, trying to figure it out.

I would really like a source if that's possible.

Thank you.

relic2279 2 points

Another user already answered (solar conjunction) but I wanted to correct this statement:

since the sun's not the one moving.

The sun is indeed moving. It's orbiting the Milky Way Galaxy. It also wobbles as it moves, as the barycenter migrates around.

relic2279 commented on a post in r/todayilearned
[deleted] 1 point


relic2279 2 points

Acceleration of expansion.

Er, this is actually required for some cyclic models. One popular theory is the ekpyrotic model.

Bokbreath 2 points

Space and time were not confined to an infinitely dense point. That’s a popular misconception. Density isn’t even a valid a concept without space. Infinities are also at odds with what we know from QM. This is where we are guessing since the theory we use to retrodict this is GR, and it is a theory of space time. We can’t expect it to tell us anything about states that do not involve spacetime.

relic2279 2 points

I do believe theoretical physicist Lawrence Krauss addresses this very issue in his book, "A Universe From Nothing".

In it, he talks about how it's possible that even in the vast nothingness of a universe that has been dead for an infinite amount of years, random quantum fluctuations can give rise to another big bang.

relic2279 commented on a post in r/space
campionesidd 10 points

I’ve never understood why people make that argument. It’s like saying the US should suspend all science and research till they take care of every homeless person in the country.

relic2279 0 points

It’s like saying the US should suspend all science and research till they take care of every homeless person in the country.

To be fair, we do bitch all the time about spending money on certain areas, and feel it should be allocated elsewhere. The one I see most often on reddit is the U.S military. Many on reddit would like to slash our massive military's budget and direct it to health care or education & other related projects that help out American citizens directly (opposed to spending our tax money to protect other countries).

In a similar vein, I do understand the logic behind not wanting to spend $85 million on a relatively un-exciting, mundane moon probe mission and instead re-allocating that money in one of the most populated, poverty stricken countries on the planet.

Not that I am for or against this mission, I honestly have no opinion since I'm unfamiliar with India's economic situation. Also, this probe mission doesn't have super lofty goals - I think the real question to ask is; Is what we learn, the data we acquire from this mission worth $85 million dollars to India?

It will simply be studying a few old rocks on the moon over the course of 14 days and taking a couple pictures of the Earth. If that was its only goal, then I would have to say that I don't believe it's worth the cost given the fact that the moon (relative to the other planets & moons) is a known quantity (I personally would want to spend that money on studying Titan or Europa, those are incredibly interesting to me). However, I don't think that's the probe's primary function. I think it's primary function is to see if India can do it. A test or proof of concept that will advance their own space program. In that scenario, the cost could very well be a massive bargain if it causes India to make tremendous strides in space exploration.

relic2279 commented on a post in r/pics
Darwins_Rhythm 9 points

As someone who's dealt with both, Canada's immigration process is WAY more strict. You aren't getting in unless you have a lot of money or you're highly educated in some specific in-demand fields. It's funny that a lot of Americans found this out back around the 2016 election when they were thinking about immigrating to Canada. Turns out it's not so easy.

relic2279 1 point

Does Canada have a marriage exception? Where if you marry a national, you can get citizenship? I think most countries do; I know the U.S has it, and Japan does. China doesn't, however. In fact, I think it's literally impossible to become a Chinese citizen. They've allowed either 7 people, or 7 people per year (I can't recall).

relic2279 commented on a post in r/todayilearned
relic2279 459 points

Yeah, I don't know about this one. I'm pretty sure the methane rain would do a number on your skin & clothing given that it's -161.6°C.

Ennion 1 point

That would encompass 'protection from the cold'.

relic2279 1 point

That's beyond cold, though. That's an incredibly hazardous substance. In fact, I doubt our current space suits could handle it for more than a few minutes. We'd need something more than a regular space suit.

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relic2279 commented on a post in r/AskReddit
gnorty 8 points


90% of the time that word is used, a person has grossly underestimated the task.

You can probably open a cheap padlock that way but there are a bunch of tricks used on a reasonable lock that makes the task much trickier. The more you pay the more tricks there will be.

And if you protect your home and belongings with the cheapest possible lock, you deserve should expect to get things stolen!

Most property locks are not trivial to defeat, and it is much easier to just break a window or lever open a door

edit - backing off on overly dramatic language.

relic2279 1 point

Most property locks are not trivial to defeat, and it is much easier to just break a window or lever open a door

This is probably why it's not really cost efficient to pick up a $300 Abloy padlock to secure something that can be accessed by just removing the door itself, breaking a window, etc. They're amazing locks, but I struggle to think of a use-case for them (other than lock sport/collecting).

[deleted] 27 points

It can work you need a tension wrench tho

relic2279 25 points

That's the one thing they always get wrong in the movies -- using 2 lock picks to pick a lock. Where's the damn tension wrench?! And picking a lock doesn't take 6 seconds. Unless, of course, it's a Master Lock. Not kidding, you can usually just rake the thing open. BosnianBill has some hilarious youtube videos of opening them in literally seconds.

relic2279 commented on a post in r/todayilearned
koh_kun 4,262 points

Wow, TIR.

Edit: just so that people don't think I'm just some random racist, I want to clarify that I'm Japanese. I'm so glad I moved to Canada at a young age so I can pronounce my R. I did get traded teased a little until I was fluent in English, but I can see the humor in it now. Also, another sound that we have a hard time pronouncing that maybe some of you don't know, is the "hoo" sound. We almost always say "foo". So "hoodie" will sound like "foodie" and "who" like "foo'".

Edit 2: sorry, made a typo.

relic2279 1 point

I'm so glad I moved to Canada at a young age so I can pronounce my R.

Japanese have no trouble pronouncing "R". The letter (phonetic sound) is used in their own language. Ryu, Ramen, Ron (Japanese Mahjong Term for going out on someone's discard), rounin, Raijin, etc... They have trouble with L and often pronouncing as they would an "R". This is becoming less and less of an issue though, as they adopt more foreign words (due to the internet, cultural exchange, commercialism, etc).

relic2279 commented on a post in r/todayilearned
relic2279 2 points

There's don't get "proved" in the way your title implies. In fact, theories never graduate into anything else -- they stay theories permanently. They can either get stronger as more observational evidence pours in (as is the case here), or they can be disproven.

relic2279 commented on a post in r/space
rurymason 3 points

So, my Q is related to the Fermi Paradox. Has anyone considered the idea that maybe we have been "excluded" from seeing that space is teeming with life, a la The Truman Show? Perhaps what we see when we look through our telescopes is nothing more than what we are being shown. It would kind of work with the theory that we could be living in a simulation also.

binarygamer 7 points

The issue with this theory is that there's nothing tangible we can talk about beyond saying "hmm, interesting idea". The level of control of the universe required to make this function across the entire solar system, and convincingly enough to trick all high resolution astronomical instruments and data scientists, would be ridiculous, akin to godlike status. With that kind of ability, you could propose any of thousands of possible things about the universe the galactic information police might be hiding/falsifying, and nobody here can argue for or against them in any convincing way, nor can we conceivably have any way to experimentally test the theory or estimate the probability of it being true.

relic2279 1 point

The level of control of the universe required to make this function across the entire solar system, and convincingly enough to trick all high resolution astronomical instruments and data scientists, would be ridiculous, akin to godlike status.

I do agree the hypothesis is just a thought experiment, however, I do not think it would take very much to isolate us. Due to the inverse square law, unless an alien civilization or alien society sent an insanely powerful and focused radio/laser beam right at earth, there's no way we'd pick up stray signals from ET. Our own terrestrial TV & radio signals are indistinguishable from background noise at only a light year away from the Earth.

Another thing to consider is that radio waves work well here on earth for short distances, but at the interstellar and galactic distances, they're ridiculously inefficient. I do not believe an alien civilization (especially an advanced one) would be using something so inefficient to communicate. It's kinda like us using smoke signals. I don't think it would take much to isolate us because I don't think we're advanced enough technologically, to even detect their presence yet.

relic2279 2 points

Has anyone considered the idea that maybe we have been "excluded" from seeing that space is teeming with life, a la The Truman Show?

This is a well-known hypothetical called the zoo hypothesis. It postulates that we've been cut-off from the rest of the active galaxy. Either because we're supposed to develop on our own, without interference, or because we're being watched for entertainment purposes. Maybe even both. The former is something we've done here on earth, with a few isolated tribes that still live relatively un-contacted by the rest of the world.

Keep in mind that there's zero evidence for such a hypothesis so it's nothing more than a thought experiment.

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relic2279 commented on a post in r/funny
Mushiren_ 44 points

I think the part that really unnerved me was a specific noise that Kayako makes as she crept on a victim. It's done using the back of the throat and awakens some weird primal fear in me.

It sounds a little silly in hindsight now, but in theaters...with surround sound and a very loud volume as a teen....brrr.

relic2279 17 points

I also think that an element that adds to the horror for us westerners is the stark difference in culture and setting -- they're unknown quantities to us, something we're not really familiar with so that helps add to the uneasiness and alienation. It helps to take you out of your comfort zone, even if you're sitting on your couch at home.

I love Japanese horror for this very reason - they have a lot of urban legends and myths that are completely unknown to me but make for refreshingly new & uniquely horrifying movies. Like the slit-mouthed woman. "Am I beautiful?". Don't expect big budget affairs, however. Japan's film industry isn't nearly as large as Hollywood. Though, that does afford them the ability to take more risks on stories/plots which can lead to surprisingly good movies many times. Admittedly, this isn't always the case as there are some stinkers too.

relic2279 commented on a post in r/space
bobbyfiend 1 point

Non-technical question: does anyone know anything more about why Jeanette Epps has been grounded? There's some speculation on Twitter, which led me to wonder if having "CIA" on her resume might have been seen as an undesirable thing for an international space station. But that's a wild guess. Anyone have the inside scoop?

relic2279 1 point

I honestly think it may have been "personal matters" and has nothing to do with her previous CIA work.

There was an astronaut a few years back (Lisa Nowak) where she was arrested on attempted kidnapping charges and was clearly mentally unstable. They may have become more strict about personal life issues so something like that doesn't happen again. I think part of the job entails being a role model and if they deviate from that (getting busted in a bar parking lot snorting coke or something) they probably have zero tolerance for it.

Chachmaster3000 1 point

Is there one stand out solution to nuclear waste disposal that involves dumping said waste on a moon or planet, ejecting it in to space, or in to the sun? Or would the attempt to get it out in space be too dangerous to consider this as a possible option?

relic2279 1 point

Is there one stand out solution to nuclear waste disposal that involves dumping said waste on a moon or planet, ejecting it in to space, or in to the sun?

In addition to the safety issues, it's ridiculously cost prohibitive. I don't think people realize just how expensive it would be to send a few tons of spent fuel rods into the sun (using current technology).

relic2279 commented on a post in r/space
beefat99 1 point

How do the antennas on space probes work when some of them are near the edge of the solar system? Is there a point where they're large enough that distance won't affect them too badly?

relic2279 1 point

It's less about the antenna size at those distances, and more about how much power is required to send the commands. The more juice we use, the further we can broadcast effectively. Our broadcasts are made with pin-point precision so it's really all about the wattage of the signal to keep it from degrading (inverse square law).

thereisnocenter 1 point

Power isn't everything if you can make higher and higher directivity antennas. New Horizon's has only a 12W transmitter.

relic2279 1 point

On New Horizon's end, the transmitter doesn't have to be super strong since it talks to the deep space network. We can use our massive dishes and arrays to pick up the faintest of signals.

relic2279 commented on a post in r/space
relic2279 4 points

For a long time, we thought they were pretty boring planets compared to Jupiter and Saturn, so we couldn't really drum up support for funding for missions to the ice giants. And that's really what it boils down too; precedence of funding, where can we get the most bang for out buck.

Fortunately, we've found out that the ice giants aren't quite as boring as we once thought so missions may materialize.

relic2279 commented on a post in r/videos
msiekkinen 2 points

He's 37. I'm sure he went through BBS', prodidy/compuserve/aol, learning the handshake sound of modems then being amazed when getting his first cable modem and it blowing it out of the water from his rich friends ISDN connection.

relic2279 1 point

I'm 38 -- only true geeks and nerds (super early adopters) did the whole BBS thing. I was one of them. People logging onto our local BBSs were people that were into ham radios and so-forth. The internet didn't really expand into normal people's homes until 2000+

msiekkinen 1 point

Remember the dotcom bubble of the 90s? That's because people were using the internet en mass by then.

relic2279 1 point

Not at all. The internet was still 'new', that's when adoption began to exponentially increase, but it wasn't in full swing yet. That's what caused the bubble; people were beginning to use this new fangled thing, and everyone wanted to get in early. Money poured in but there wasn't enough traffic (cashflow) yet to sustain that kind of growth.

This graphic shows that the internet didn't really "grow" until after the dot-com boom which went bust:

Also, in 1997, the total global internet traffic was 100 GB per hour. In 2002, 100 GB per second and by 2007, it was 2000 GB per second. Source The internet wasn't really adopted by the masses until after 2000.

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relic2279 commented on a post in r/TheoryOfReddit
relic2279 1 point

I've permanently banned less people in my 10 years on reddit (modding a few of its largest subreddits) than I have fingers. I don't do it because it doesn't work -- Perm-bans don't work for the reasons you state. And hunting down a persons new alt is nigh impossible so any rules which forbid creating a new account to evade a ban are wholly ineffective.

Temporary bans, however, do work somewhat. They work to moderate a person's behavior. Like a slap on the hand.

But sometimes a person is so determined to ruin a community that you need to take more effective measures. This is why I believe IP bans need to be instituted. I've been discussing & thinking about them for nearly a decade and have considered every drawback. Including inadvertently banning an IP for an entire dormitory, business, etc. Also, people can use VPNs to circumvent the bans, but I think the net benefit is still outweighs the drawbacks - it's better than having someone ruining my community. Especially a small community that's struggling. in extreme cases where your ban cuts of access to a country or something, that's when you can have the admins step in and do a meta-data ban or whatever they call it.

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