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I'm trying to use the Base16 theme for i3's windows, but I'm running into these errors when I reload my config file:

My only guess based on the messages is that it's interpreting the # for the color codes as a comment, but I don't think that can be it since the documentation shows the same syntax for changing the colors. It should work as far as I know, but I can't figure it out and searching for the same error hasn't returned anything.

Thanks for any help.

2 points · 2 years ago

It looks like you're using erb right in your config file. You need to run the erb file through ruby and it will spit out a config file you can then use.

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Original Poster1 point · 2 years ago

Oh, thank you! I'm not familiar with Ruby or erb files and I completely missed that detail.


I'm pretty bitter about it. There were 40 questions and 7 simulations. I believe I did well on all of the simulations, but there were a lot of very vague multiple choice questions that I just had to give my best guest for. The test actually seemed quite easy, but with only 40 questions there wasn't much room for mistakes. If I had to guess, since their grading scheme is so odd, I probably only missed a few questions that happened to be weighted heavily.

Going to give 100-101 a shot before the deadline.


That's why we have a "don't write the composite" sticky :)

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Original Poster1 point · 2 years ago

Yep. Wasn't really my choice to do it. I got a discount code for it after finishing a college course, where the instructor heavily recommended we all do the composite.

Your persistence is inspiring! Congratulations.

Frame Relay can be fun, you just have to push yourself a little. What I like about FR personally is the concept of FECN, BECN, CIR, DE, etc. The ability to use more bandwidth than you're normally allotted, sense congestion... stuff like that, if you peel back the layers of FR you might find a lot of it kinda interesting. I mean, full disclosure, I don't think I know FR like the back of my hand yet. But if you look up some of the terms I mentioned, maybe they'll spark an interest enough for you to dig into the entire chapter.

Also I found that if reading about a topic wasn't stimulating enough, watching a video on it first helped, then I'd go back to reading with a base knowledge of it.

Original Poster5 points · 2 years ago

I have a million interests. That's one of my other problems. I was interested in sports psychology but i don't even know where to start with that. I'm required now in my coaching position to get certified through the NSCA ( personal training) to continue to do my job, however the requirements of the certification are just so overwhelming and their things that I've never learned. I'm so severely pressed for time to register for an exam (which I don't even know when where or how to do so) and I have barely gotten through the 2nd chapter. I'm just feeling so hopeless and I just would rather give it all up and work with my hands where I know I can make enough money to support me and my future even though it will make me so unhappy. I'm just realising that I'm unhappy no matter which path I take.

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Man, I'm nearly in the same boat. Taking a certification exam soon. Don't give up. Look at it this way... get the cert done, see where it takes you. If you still aren't digging it, not all is lost. But leave those thoughts for afterward. The worst thing you can do is dwell on things that haven't happened yet. I know that's easier said than done, believe me! I know where you're coming from with the million interests thing. It can be a blessing and a curse. You just have to take it one day at a time. There's been many days where I've thought, shit, I've taken the wrong path and now I'll be unhappy forever. It's not true. If you have to pivot, you pivot, but until then, busy yourself with what you're up against now and I promise things will get better.

Original Poster1 point · 2 years ago

Thanks for the kind words. it's just the stress of it is crippling right now. I know I need to keep moving forward but it's like all the people that are relying on me for this and that just kills me

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The stress of that must be pretty bad. I'm sorry that you have that weight on your shoulders right now. I'm sure whoever is relying on you will be there if you need to take a step back, but I think you're going to be okay. The fact that you're here venting shows that you're still working hard as hell and still have that fire inside to persevere. Good luck with everything! Hopefully the clouds will part soon.

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Also if you buy his videos in July, you get his CCNA Security video for free too. You have to send an email with a receipt of the purchase.

That reminds me, I bought his course on the 19th and I sent him my receipt, but I still haven't received a reply yet. Is this the norm? Has anyone got the security course from emailing their receipt?

did you end up getting the security video for free? I followed the directions and received it in a few hours the other day. Might want to resend?

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I did. All good!

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I know that this is fairly subjective and that I'm the only one who knows if I'm ready or not. But, I have to say, I've seen you post about how taking the composite is a mistake for non-network professionals and I'm freaking out now. I'm in need of a little reassurance!

I'm in a college course focused on networking and over the past year we've gone through the four CCNA courses in NetAcad, done countless Packet Tracer labs, hands-on real equipment labs and whatnot. Since the last semester ended, I've started studying for the CCNA around 4-8 hours per day to really hammer in the information.

When you say that Cisco assumes you're a professional and they'll hit you harder, you mean they may go off the rails of the exam outline or what? I can explain, configure and troubleshoot nearly every bullet point on that outline (and closing in on my gaps as we speak).

I guess what I'm saying is, at what point does sheer student study match the level of "assumed experience" you say Cisco bases this exam on?

Original Poster3 points · 2 years ago

It sounds like you are fairly prepared but you should also keep in mind that there is nothing preventing you from still doing the two exam method. Even if you booked the exam you can still cancel it and get a refund as long as the exam isn't within 24 hours away.

What I mean by Cisco can hit harder is very subjective, it can mean they may give you a comparatively harder OSPF question, a question that may assume more real world knowledge of things, or you may simply get a couple non-graded questions that explore your skill set a bit. Though you would only really be able to tell if you did all 3 exams.

As for experience, it is more about certification experience then professional in this context. If the composite is your first exam you'll have a hard time because you'll be stressed and you won't understand how certification exams work. If you have experience and wrote even something simple like the Network+ then you will get the jist of how to read questions properly and understand a bit more about common pitfalls like the "most correct answer". You'll also be more used to things like eliminating wrong answers and different question formats.

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I have the A+ certification and I'm pretty used to having to use the power of elimination to get through multiple choice exams. That is definitely reassuring to hear. I suppose I'll go ahead and hope I make it. If not, I'll go the two exam route. Thank you!

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An instructor of mine told me that on Cisco's website, there's a few sample sims for the CCNA exam so that people taking the test for the first time understand the format and how to navigate it. However, I can't find it anywhere, and I know the site has been updated since he said that, so I'm thinking it was either moved or removed completely.

Thanks for any help in finding it, I'm worried about going into the real exam without doing a sample first. I've heard the real test software can be a bit difficult to work with.

2 points · 2 years ago

Go onto the cisco website :

Click on the CCNA RS in the exam tracks

Choose an exam, anyone will do, I clicked on 200-125.

At the bottom of the information table, there a row called Exam tutorial - Review type of exam questions. Click on that.

There you go!

Direct link :

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Original Poster1 point · 2 years ago

Thank you very much! I noticed that it warns you if you select too few answers. Does it do that on the real exam?

Yes it does, however you shouldn't rely on the kindness of a exam to point out input errors. Cisco exams don't have back buttons so if you accidentally skip a sim then you may as well go home early.

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Original Poster1 point · 2 years ago

Absolutely. I tend to be very quick during exams, so I'm going to do my best to slow down and make sure I'm not jumping the gun. Thanks!


I've been studying for the 200-120 exam feverishly. I've spent a lot of time in this subreddit and I feel that reading others' questions, seeing their mistakes and the answers is incredibly helpful.

So, I'm leaving my silly oversight here. Someone might benefit from it.

I'm having trouble understanding a practice question in Odom's ICND1 100-101 book (page 461).

6. Which of the following network commands, following the command router ospf 1, tells this router to start using OSPF on interfaces whose IP addresses are,, and

a. network area 0

b. network area 0

c. network area 0

d. network area 0

I figured the answer would be D, since that matches the first two octets of each address (10.1) leaving the rest to be anything. However, the book states that the answer is B. I recognize that will match the first octet plus anything else, but isn't more correct given the addresses we want to match?

I got wrapped up in the idea that the first two octets are the only octets that are the same in each address. Therefore, a wildcard mask of is the only one that would make sense.

I didn't even notice that the only answer that used that mask had an address of The answer has to be B, because all of the other answers match more than the first octet in an address of 10.0.x.x, which means it cannot match any address starting with 10.1.x.x.

That's tunnel vision for you. Cheers to everyone studying right now.


Total long shot: would you take on an international remote worker that could only do 10-15 hours a week? I'm mostly just replying here to tell you I really like your attitude about hiring and wish you luck in finding someone!

somethingitrelated commented on
r/ccnaPosted byu/[deleted]

You're forgetting the subnets between each pair of routers.

Personally I don't think Certmaster is necessary. There are quite a few free practice exams and other study materials online that are just as good or better. You may want to post this in /r/CompTIA instead and check out their sidebar.

8 points · 2 years ago · edited 2 years ago

The honest answer is that it depends entirely on where you want to work. For instance, I believe the DoD requires the Security+ the Security+ satisfies the IAT Level II Baseline for the DoD. That said, CompTIA certifications are generally more useful for those new to the industry. This doesn't mean they can't be valuable for someone with your amount of experience or more. You just have to do a little research on what the employers in your area are asking for.

At the end of the day, it certainly won't hurt you to have those three certs.

The DoD doesn't really require Sec+, it just is one of the easier certs that satisfies the IAT Level II Baseline. Other certs that would work are the GSEC, SSCP, and CCNA-Security.

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Thanks for the clarification.

Original Poster1 point · 2 years ago

I'm not trying to advocate a new standard. I provided the shorthand to show what CIDR would look like without the redundancy.

It looks like you actually don't undersand the CIDR format. I'll explain. If your subnet is a.b.c.d/16, then the c and d bytes are ignored. So a.b/16 contains the same information as a.b.c.d/16. That's what always bugged me.

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If your subnet is a.b.c.d/16, then the c and d bytes are ignored. So a.b/16 contains the same information as a.b.c.d/16.

I wouldn't say they're ignored. The mask signifies which bits are network bits and which are host bits. Even if you're only going to be working with network addresses, you'd be better off including the entire address. It's clear and concise as is.

Yes, stimulants definitely have the potential to worsen anxiety. However, they can also do exactly the opposite. I would keep an open mind.

My anxiety used to be much worse, so bad that I was even afraid to take Ativan (anti-anxiety medication). These days I take Dexedrine and I find the focus it grants helps in avoiding anxious thought patterns. The physical side effects can be similar to a feeling of anxiety, but without the sense of impending doom.

Give it a try and stay positive. Worst case scenario you don't like it and move on to other options. Can I ask what dose you were given?

If you're just starting now, do the 900 series, especially if you're not as experienced with older technology.

Is the CD with Exam Cram necessary for studying?

Personally, I don't even think a textbook is necessary for this certification. It won't hurt, though.

When I take Dexedrine, I can sit down and work on a task for hours without getting distracted. Without it, I can work for about 10-15 minutes if I try my hardest and end up doing several other things instead. I'm very thankful for it.

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